Operators are formulas like “OR”, “AND” or “-” which allow you to get more specific results from your query.
Let’s now look at what each of these operators do.
OR will help you search for one term or the other. For example, if you are interested in LGBTQ+ rights at Amazon, you can type:
“Amazon” (LGBTQ+ OR diversity OR transgender rights OR inclusive)
AND is useful if you really want to search for two terms, that must not be separated. For example, if you are searching for the actions of Baidu on wildlife in 2020, you can type:
“Baidu” AND wildlife AND 2020
“quotations marks” allow you to ensure that the results contain information directly related to the word written in between the quotation marks. For instance, if you want to search for the Amazon forest and you want to limit articles about the company, you should type:
(parentheses) can be used to group some terms together for more advanced queries. For instance, if you want to search for articles about H&M’s impact on water, soil or air pollution, you can write:
H&M AND (“Water pollution” OR “soil pollution” OR “Air pollution”)
Hyphens ( - ) are very useful when you are trying to exclude certain terms from your results. For example, if you would like to learn about Chipotle’s social impact that are not from the company’s website, you can write:
Chipotle social issues -chipotle.com
You can try it yourself, you will see that no results will come from their official website.