Deforestation can have multiple impacts:
- On biodiversity
- On indigenous groups
- On the climate
In your analysis, make sure to select one angle and the right level of granularity. You are allowed to mention the other impacts briefly, but the main focus should be on one topic.
Try to be as specific as you can: where is the deforestation taking place, since when? How is the biodiversity/climate/local indigenous communities affected? Go back to the Logical Model if needed.
To help readers assess the impact scale and value, you should contextualise the impact. For instance:
How extensive is the company’s deforestation compared to the industry is it part of? (Learn more about comparisons here.)
If evaluating the impact on biodiversity, how biodiverse are these forests? What is the impact of losing this biodiversity?
If evaluating the impact on climate, how much CO2 could these forests absorb if they were still there and how much CO2 is released by cutting them?
If evaluating the impact on indigenous groups, what are the social implications of their forests lost?
Alos, ask yourselves the following questions:
1/ The breadth of the impact
Is the impact local, national, or global?
How many species or people are concerned?
2/ The depth of the impact
Is the biodiversity or people concerned deeply affected, or does the issue just marginally impact them?
Are the changes brought by the issue profoundly changing society or the planet?
3/ The persistence of the impact
Find more about evaluating the scale of the impact in Step 5: Assess scale and value.