Estee Lauder is intensifying the microplastic marine pollution with its wide range of products
Microplastics are a kind of plastic that are less than five millimetres in length7;p10. Around 85% of plastic pollution in the oceans is made up of microplastics8. Today, microplastic pollution is a global problem with 11 million tonnes enters our environment annually9;p8. Consumption of microplastics damage organs of marine animals and can even cause death in marine life11. High concentrations of microplastic cause chemical toxicity in aquatic organisms, and so reductions in growth, reproduction, and survival10;p14.
Estée Lauder sources mica from India, where female labor exploitation is rampant.
The cosmetics industry uses mica to give a glittery texture to the products1, using 18% of the total mica produced globally2. India produces 60% of the global mica3 (19,000 tonnes per year1), and Jharkhand and Bihar in India are responsible for 25% of the global mica production1. Many countries cannot afford mica mining as it requires extensive manual labor3.
Estée Lauder’s emissions are equivalent to the GHG emissions of 478,731 passenger cars for one year
The global CO2 content in the atmosphere rose to 409.8 parts per million (ppm) in 20191. At this rate, the CO2 content will increase to 500 ppm within the next 50 years, which could trigger extreme drought, forest fires, sea-level rise and mass migrations6.
Estee Lauder sources 87% of water from water-stressed areas
Aqua or water is one of the first ingredients in around 70-80% of cosmetic products since it is a great solvent7. However, depletion of water sources can further contaminate the remaining water, throw biodiversity off balance, and make water an expensive commodity6. Groundwater specifically is the drinking source for around 2 billion people in the world6. It also caters to approximately 40% of the world’s irrigated agriculture6.
Estée Lauder consumed 208,000,000 KWh of non-renewable energy in 2019, about 66% of the total energy
In 2019, only 11% of the global primary energy was derived from renewable technologies2. This includes transport, electricity, and heating2. In the same year, energy-related CO2 emissions accounted for about 33 gigatonnes4. The solution for preventing climate change is shifting towards clean energy enormously1.